Jewelry Glossary

Below are definitions to some common jewelry terms. If there is a word that is not on this list, and you would like to learn its definition, please contact us.

Alloy

The mixture of two or more metals which strengthens the metal, and/or enhances its appearance.

Bangle

A bracelet that is rigid and slides over the hand. Bangle bracelets sometimes don't have a clasp.

Bead Setting

Diamonds or color gemstones are set evenly with the surface of the metal, and secured by bead-like prongs between the stones.

Bezel Setting

A diamond or gemstone is wrapped with the metal, where only the crown and table can be seen.

Blemish

An imperfection on the surface of a diamond.

Brilliance

The amount of sparkle or shine which is reflected from the diamond.

Cabochon

A gemstone cut which is polished into a smooth, rounded dome-like surface, instead of having facets.

Carat Weight

A diamond's measurement for weight, which is equal to 0.2 grams, as described in the four Cs of diamonds.

Cathedral Setting

A setting that has cathedral-like arches on each side of the diamond or gemstone.

Channel Setting

Diamonds or color gemstones are arranged adjacent to one another in a channel, with no metal between each stone.

Clasp

A device which is used to fasten the end of chains, necklaces, bracelets and watches.

Cleavage

Cracks, openings, or fractures in diamonds or color gemstones.

Cluster Setting

Diamonds or color gemstones are grouped together, which can be arranged to look like one large stone.

Crown

The upper part of a diamond or gemstone, beneath the table and above the girdle.

Culet

The small facet on the bottom point of a diamond, beneath the pavilion. Not all diamonds have a culet.

Facet

The flat surface on a diamond or color gemstones. The arrangement of a gemstone's facets determine its cut and return of light.

Fire

The flashes of color that can be seen when a diamond or gemstone is moved or rotated.

Flawless

The highest grading on the diamond clarity scale, which has no visible inclusions or blemishes under 10x magnification.

Flush Setting

A hole is created in the metal surface, and a diamond or gemstone is placed inside, where its table is evenly set with the surface of the metal.

Four Cs

The four characteristics of a diamond - color, clarity, cut and carat weight - which are used to establish the quality and value of diamonds.

Girdle

The middle section of a diamond or gemstone, which can be polished or faceted on a diamond, and typically unpolished on color gemstones.

Hardness

The ability of a diamond or gemstone to resist scratches, which is measured using the Moh's scale of hardness from 1-10, with 10 being the hardest.

Ideal Cut

An ideal cut diamond has the highest quality of proportions, symmetry and polish, and returns the maximum amount of light from the top of the diamond.

Inclusions

The natural unique \"fingerprints\" within a diamond or gemstone, which consist of other elements such as minerals, gases, or other substances.

Inlaid Setting

Diamonds or color gemstones are set flush within the surface of the metal, where a part of the metal setting is cut away and replaced by the stone.

Invisible Setting

A diamond or gemstone is set in an arrangement where the metal cannot be seen, making it appear as there is no setting behind the stone.

Karat

The standard measurement for gold, where 24 karats is pure gold. 14-karat or 18-karat gold is mixed with other metal alloys to strengthen it, and to enhance its appearance.

Moh's Scale

The scale which is used to measure the hardness of a diamond or gemstone, or its resistance to scratches, ranging from 1-10, with 10 being the hardest.

Pavé Setting

Small diamonds or color gemstones are held in place by small handcrafted prongs, where all the tables of the stones are set evenly with the metal surface.

Pavilion

The bottom portion of a diamond, between the girdle and the culet.

Pink Gold

Pink gold is created when pure gold is combined with more copper than other alloys, and is sometimes called rose gold.

Polish

The amount of smoothness, or shininess on a metal's surface. The more polished, the more light reflects off a metal's surface.

Play of Color

The spectral colors that can be seen in an opal when it is rotated or moved.

Prong Setting

A diamond or gemstone is mounted to the metal with prongs that wrap around its girdle, and are usually secured to the crown of the stone.

Proportions

The relationship of a diamond's parts to one another, such as crown angle, crown height and table percentage, which ultimately determine a stone's brilliance.

Scintillation

The flashes of light that can be seen in a diamond when rotated under a natural or artificial light source.

Solitaire

Rings, pendants, earrings, bracelets, or necklaces that feature one diamond in its setting.

Symmetry

The precision of the alignment of a diamond's facets. The more symmetrical, the better the return of light.

Table

The flat surface on the top of a diamond or gemstone.

Tension Setting

A diamond or gemstone is suspended inside the metal setting, where most of the diamond is exposed.

Toughness

The ability for a diamond or gemstone to resist breakage (or fracturing) from impact.

White Gold

Made by combining pure gold with copper, zinc and nickel (or palladium) alloy, such as rhodium.

Yellow Gold

Gold that retains its natural yellow color. Pure gold is typically combined with copper and silver alloys to enhance its durability.

Allison-Kaufman Company, in business since 1920, is one of the oldest and most respected diamond jewelry manufacturers in the United States. Our family owned business has had a commitment to manufacturing the best in fine diamond jewelry for nearly a century. Our quality and workmanship is unsurpassed and our styling is legendary. Our knowledgeable and experienced staff selects only the most brilliant diamonds to be meticulously hand set into exquisite, handcrafted Allison-Kaufman diamond jewelry.
Manufacturing beautiful bridal jewelry for over 40 years, Benchmark utilizes the finest skilled craftsmen and state of the art technology to create beautiful wedding rings in gold, palladium, and platinum. Proudly manufactured in the U.S.A., each Benchmark ring is carefully crafted and undergoes a 6 step quality control process to ensure that your wedding ring will last for generations.
Citizen Eco-Drive proves that style and sustainability can co-exist with ecologically-friendly timepieces. Utilizing the power of light, Citizen Eco-Drive technology converts light into stored energy to power the watch for at least six months, even in the dark. Fueled by light, it never needs a battery.
A refreshing antidote to wardrobe boredom, Debbie Brooks' sassy, eye catching, and sophisticated handbags will make you the star of every event. Vibrant color palette with expansive pattern choices and unique designs to compliment any outfit and personality. Individually crafted with artisan acrylics and adorned with Swarovski crystals and semi-precious stones. With that added to touch of whimsy to keep you grinning, and your friends irresistibly asking you: "Where did you get that bag?"
Frederic Duclos is an award winning French designer of contemporary sterling jewelry. Established in 1984, this family owned studio is based in Huntington Beach, California. The designer recently won two first place awards in the Jeweler's Choice Award competition for 2014 as well as finalist awards in 2013 and 2012. In addition, Frederic Duclos is a prestigious Designer of Distinction through the SPS. Each piece of jewelry is exclusively hand crafted in Europe, and reflects Frederic's paramount attention to detail. The gems used in each piece are carefully chosen and all of our jewelry is rhodium plated. Writes Frederic "I am thrilled that my contemporary designs are so well received by women across the United States and Canada. As a precious metal designer, I am privileged to be able to work in the beautiful surroundings of Southern California. I will continue to strive to create timeless, wearable pieces that transitions seamlessly from day to evening. Frederic designs over 5 new collections a year, so be sure to stop by and see his latest creations.
Today at Galatea, we have an Olympic team of jewelers all of whom share our philosophy and love for the trade. We create each piece of our jewelry as if it is to be worn by our own beloved.
Cultured Pearls are one of the most intriguing, stunning and beloved gems in the world. Imperial cultured pearls are fashioned into jewelry using a wide variety of pearl types. With Akoya pearls, Tahitian pearls, South Sea pearls, freshwater pearls, and Keshi pearls, you can clearly see what makes this collection Imperial.
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LeStage has been creating high quality jewelry products in precious metal since 1863. This heritage of craftsmanship has continued for generations, providing customers with the best that can be achieved. High standards of workmanship guarantee that you will be delighted with your jewelry and that, like a well-worn memory album, it will become a cherished family heirloom. Whether 14K gold or sterling silver, your LeStage Convertible Collection jewelry offers satisfaction and pride of ownership.
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In the tradition of artists like Faberge and Lalique, Nicole Barr uses true vitreous enamel (hard fired glass) painstakingly applied by hand to 18 K gold and silver - complemented with diamonds and gemstones. We specialize in a difficult technique called plique-á-jour, where the enamel is suspended between delicate wires of silver or gold without a backing, allowing the light to shine through.
Ostbye, a prime manufacturer, has been serving the jewelry industry since 1920. Throughout this time, Ostbye has remained committed to its mission of providing the best customer experience through unparalleled service, quality, and value. Ostbye's comprehensive collections include bridal jewelry, anniversary bands, Reflections of Color&#174;, men's diamond jewelry, and family jewelry.
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Pulsar watches let you keep track of time with the perfect blend of design, accuracy and value. They combine beauty and precision, like the star for which they're named, and you can make one your own.
From the moment in the 1880's that Kintaro Hattori decided to build Japan's first watch, SEIKO has been dedicated to perfection in timekeeping.
Unique Settings of New York&#8482; is proud to be one of the first GREEN jewelry manufacturers located in the United States. Known as the industry's 'Custom Jewelry Specialist,' Unique Settings helped set the industry standard in recycled metals and conflict-free stones. The company feels an extreme commitment to give something back by using only 100% recycled metals bought from earth-friendly refineries. Likewise, only Kimberley diamonds and colored gems from ethical sources are used to create their amazing Bridal and fashion pieces.
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